Pathway Genomics, Founded by Jim Plante, and the Possibilities of Genotype-Based Diets

One test offered by Pathway Genomics focuses on using a person’s genetics to determine the best diet and exercise program for his or her particular DNA. A report from a Business Insider author who tried the test says the results were so accurate that it was scary. The genetics testing company, founded by Jim Plante, concentrates on helping people improve their lives and prevent illness.

Examples of Customers

Some of the more typical customers are middle-aged men and women looking to lose weight, heal chronic health issues, and add years to their lives. Younger adults also sometimes want their DNA results so they can develop a long-range plan for optimum health.

Nutrient Processing

In regard to diet, genetic testing can indicate how effectively the body processes protein, fat, and carbohydrates. Sometimes, the customers already have a strong hunch about these factors. One person gains weight on a high-carbohydrate diet. Another has no weight-related problems following an eating plan that includes liberal amounts of carbohydrates.

Relevant Research

A 2010 study conducted by Stanford University investigated the effects of a genotype diet on weight loss efforts. People eating a diet matched to their genotype lost about twice as much weight as those who followed other diets. Genotype identification helps explain why some individuals believe that a low-carbohydrate diet is pointless, since they actually are more successful with weight loss efforts when eating mostly plant-based foods. Others have found that a high-protein diet allows them to shed excess pounds.

Another study, this one published in the journal Nutrients in 2019, acknowledges the public’s strong interest in this topic. With obesity officially considered an epidemic in the United States in the 21st Century, major related health implications are prevalent in the population.

Concluding Thoughts

One theory is that certain eating styles affect the genes, essentially turning off so-called bad genes that increase susceptibility to weight gain and difficulty losing weight. This has not been proven in research, however. Another theory is that certain genomic types respond better to certain diets. People who have been struggling with weight loss may want to give genetic-based meal planning a try.

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